You will find available today quite a bewildering variety of connection types utilized for Audio and Video. To further complicate things a number of the same connectors and leads can be used for multiple connection types.
This guide will start with the 1st audio and video connections and progress to Cayin A88t Mk2 and leads. It is going to give the pros and cons of those all and hopefully by the end you will be a little more informed about how exactly for the greatest quality images from the setup.
At First – Initially things where simpler because there was only one method to receive TV signals, with an aerial. This connection technique is called Coax and is still used today for connecting Freeview Receivers as much as the aerial on your own roof (the freeview receiver can either be a separate box or built into your TV). Coax cable is what is known screened cable and consists of an excellent inner wire (core) having a wire mesh or foil surrounding it.
As all the Video and Audio Data is carried down the same cable Coax is bottom from the pile with regards to quality. Coax cannot be used to have a high definition signal
Composite Video – Composite video is a step-up from Coax in this the photo and Audio details are sent separately. It really requires 3 separate connections (Video, Audio Left and Audio Right) to become made in order to show a graphic with sound. The connectors used are known as Phono (RCA) connectors and should be immediately familiar to anyone who owns a Hifi Separates System.
Component video is still used today to connect such things as Video cameras and Nintendo Wii’s to TV’s. Most TV’s could have a socket on the front or side to be able to easily connect equipment for the TV. The photo quality achieved by a composite connection is superior to with Coax yet still not great and thus is not actually appropriate for CopperColour Cable. Composite cannot be utilized to have a high-definition signal.
S-Video – S-Video or S-VHS is definitely an evolution of the original composite video standard in this instead of all video data being sent down 2 bits of wire the image is split up into a signal which has colour data (Chroma) and a signal which contains brightness data (Luma). This provides a better picture than Composite. Much like Composite Video, separate connections are essential for Audio and make use of the identical Phono (RCA) connectors as shown above.
S-Video connections may also quite often found on the front of contemporary TV and may used to quickly connect equipment like Camcorders to a TV so that you can show home video footage. S-Video cannot be employed to carry high definition signals.
Scart Connections – Scart Connectors where introduced to be able to allow simple single cable connections between video equipment. Scart connections can nonetheless be found today on DVD players, Sky boxes and modern TV’s. Nonetheless they are phased out and should not be seen on Hi-def video sources including Bluray players.
Scart is actually a multicored cable that carries a number of video connections such as Composite and S-Video in addition to Right and left Audio Data all conveniently located in a single socket. Generally when you use a Scart Connection this is the only connection needed to connect a source to some display.
Scart cables also introduced a whole new video standard known as RGB in which the separate Red, Green and Blue colour signal. This additional separation gives better quality then Composite or S-Video connections. The RGB video wcmlld eventually evolved into the Component Video standard that is discussed below. Scart cables cannot be employed to carry high definition video signals.
Component Video (Y, PB, PR) – Component video is an evolution of RGB mentioned above which utilizes better quality cable and connectors so it can be used to carry high definition video signals (720P, 1080i however, not 1080P). Component Video connectors are Phono (RCA) connectors as mentioned above for Composite Video but be aware that the cable is different.
Component video connections are the most effective quality Analogue (i.e. none digital) connections available. Component Video connections can be found on all High Definition equipment i.e. HD TV’s, Bluray Players etc. Component Video Cables can be used as Line Magnetic but please remember that they cannot be used to carry 1080P signals.